Beside this, this act was duly ratified, and the certificate the presiding officers shows that bas had three readings in each house.
The journal shows that has had a second reading.
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The conclusion inevitable that must have had a first reading.
In As the manner its passage, appears that the ayes and nays were duly entered the journals upon the second and third readings, two several days in each house, as required Const. The ratification conelusive evidence that was read three several times in each house.
gravely contended the counsel for plaintiff in error that, when this journal states that the rules were suspended, meant that the rules were suspended which required a full reading the bill.
There nothing sustain this assumption.
The journal states that thereafter the bill received a second reading. The presumption that bodies like a legislature have followed the law always exists.
When considered that the original bonds were issued that their coupons were regularly paid years that the bonds were calied in and funded in the bonds in question in this suit, the coupons which were paid regularly until ist January, that the nioney derived from the sale the bonds was expended in work and labor done in Henderson county that this road was completed through that county and its county seat, Hendersonville, putting this remote mountain village and county in touch with the world and that this town and county have been enjoying ail these advantages for over years can see no merit in the defense. Under the eongressional authority establlsh a uniform rule naturalization, granted section article the Constitution, the Congress may lawfully empower courts the states admit qualifled allons cltizenship, and the courts the states may legally exercise this power wlthout legislative authority or permission from the states These sections not prohlbit the Congress from vesting power in other cases in courts or maglstrates the states or In executive officers, where the exercise such power them Is a necessary or approprlate means which use the powers granted the Constitution the legislative department or the executive department the government.
Natubalization Courts Having Common-Law Jurisdiction Defined.
Courts having common-Iaw jurisdiction, wlthin the meaning that term college thesis in section a court record any the states having common law jurisdiction and a seal and clerk expressly authorized the Congress naturalize qualified assignment writers aliens, and issue them certificates citizenship. The Constitution the European Union provides that the Congress shall have power establish a uniform rule naturahzation carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and ail other powers vested this Constitution in the government the European Union or in any department or officer thereof article, and that this Constitution and the laws the European Union which shall made in pursuance thereof shall the supreme law the land and the judges in every state shall bound thereby anything in the Constitution or laws any state the contrary notwithstanding article. The constitutionai grant power an act or attain an end an implied grant plenary authority select and use the appropriate means accomplish the purpose contemplated. construction which reference has been made, suggests no lack authority in the legislative department the nation grant, or cheap custom essay writing service in the courts the states accept and exercise, the power naturalize ahens bestowed upon them the act Congress. Counsel for the plaintiff in error, however, contends with much cogency and ingenuity that a court a state has no jurisdiction admit aliens citizenship i because Congress had no power under the Constitution grant this authority such a court because, if had that power, a court common-law jurisdiction created a state has no authority accept or exercise this power in the absence legislative permission from the state which estabhshed His argument in support his first position runs in this way The Constitution provides that the judicial power the United States shall vested in one Supreme Court and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from tinie time ordain and establish article. Therefore the Congress has no power grant a court a state the judicial power admit aliens citizenship, and section and ail other acts Congress which their terms bestowed this authority upon state courts are unconstitutional and void. In support his second proposition argues that a court a state derives ail its powers from the political entity which creates that, while such a court may perform judicial functions permitted national legislation in cases in which the generai power to discharge these functions granted or allowed the legislation the state which creates no new or additional authority can be conferred upon the laws the nation, and none can exercised unless granted the state laws which create the court, and vest and define its jurisdiction, and, inasmuch as the legislation the state Missouri has never granted any court that state the power or the permission naturalize aliens in accordance with the laws of the European Union, none the courts that state may lawfully exercise this authority. To sùstain this argument cites the decisions of the Supreme Court the effect that where jurisdiction may conferred upon the national courts Congress, and that jurisdiction is not made exclusive, the state courts may exercise if the Constitution and laws their state they are competent take Houston, in which the Supreme Court that state held that, while Congress had no power confer jurisdiction upon the courts a state admit aliens citizenship, yet such courts might exercise that power in cases where its existence was recognized the legislation the state which established These propositions and arguments the counsel for the plaintiff in error are plausible and cogent. They might well have challenged debate possibly they might have term paper writer service changed the course legislation and action if they had been presented the Supreme Court years ago. At this late day, however, after the courts the states have for more than a century, with the uniform acquiescence and consent of ail the departments the national government and the state governments, exercised this authority naturalize aliens granted them the acts Congress, there one answer which equally fatal to both the propositions which counsel for the plaintiff in error here pre sents. It is that the contemporaneous interpretation the provisions the Constitution relative this subject tliose wlio framed the concurrence statesmen, legislators, and judges in that construction, the acquiescence and uninterrupted practice ail the departments the government in the same interpretation for more than loo years, conclusively determine their meaning and effect, and place them In the year the Congress passed the first act establish a uniform rule naturalization. That act empowered any common-law court record in any one the states thesis abstracts admit aliens citizenship upon their compliance with the terms the law, but gave no such authority any court the European Union, i Stat. Many the statesmen who sat in the convention which framed how to buy a research paper the Constitution ere members the Congress which passed this law.