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The court, in denying the right of the administratrix recover, made use the language above quoted. What was there said was in answer the argument that a duty rested upon the master keep the ship at ail times in a seaworthy condition, and that as that duty was not a fellow servant with the members the crew.

There was no question in that case, however, but that the vessel was in a seaworthy condition when the voyage began, and that phd proposal writing service the owners had in that respect fully met their obligation.

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In holding, as the opinion does, as the question there presented and the argument advanced, that the master and the crew buy cheap essay were fellow servants, the decision not inharmonious with the more recent decisions the european courts and there nothing in the language the court that may not reconciled with the view that as ail the duties the ship or its owners the crew, where sickness or injury has in tervened, the master is, in England as in the European Union, the representative the former.

It urged, also, that in the opinion in the Osceola Case the Supreme Court has placed upon the decision in Hedley Pinkney, etc. nothing in the English law indicate that a ship or its owners are liable an indemnity for injuries received negligence or otherwise in the service the ship. None such given in the Admiralty Court jurisdiction act, although seems an action in admiralty will lie against the master in personam for an assault committed upon a passenger or seaman. In England the master and crew are also treated as fellow servants, and henee would follow that no action would lie a member the crew against either the owners or the ship for injuries received through the negligence of the master.

It clear, however, that this language the opinion and the discussion the British law in reference the question under consideration were directed the question which had been certified the court the question the liabihty the ship for an injury a seaman occasioned the negligent act the master in navigating the ship.

It not perceived that had any reference the entirely different question which involved in the case at bar the question the duty the ship a seaman after has been injured in the performance But contended that dissertation online help the doctrine the liability the ship to furnish medical attendance the seaman, as recognized in european decisions, received its origin in article the laws Oleron, and that those laws have never been recognized as constituting a part of the admiralty jurisprudence England, but, the contrary, jurisdiction the High Court Admiralty England must be ascertained from the continuons practice and judgments the great ijudges who have presided in the Admiralty Court, and from judgments the High Courts at Westminster.

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Neither the laws the iRhodians, nor Oleron, nor Wisbuy, nor the Hanse towns, are themselves any part the admiralty law England.

The court, sustain that utterance, proceeded point out the absurdities of some the obsolete portions the laws Oleron.

Conceding, however, that the laws Oleron, as a whole, are not at the present time any part the admiralty law England, virtue proclamation, legislative act, or the adjudications the admiralty courts, it does not follow that certain their provisions are not the basis the English admiralty law as at present administered.

universal rule that such expenses were made a charge upon the ship, referred its origin the laws Oleron, which have been held in peculiar respect England, and have been in some measure incorporated into her maritime jurisprudence and in dissertation writers uk Reed Canfield, the same distinguished jurist quoted from the excellent cheap essay help online treatise Tenterden Shipping, who, said, lays down generally that, the ancient marine ordinances, if a mariner falls sick during the voyage, or hurt in the performance his duty, cured at the expense the ship and the learned justice proceeded add, And fully cover letter writing service sydney borne out in this statement the language the ordinances cited him this occasion.

etc. In ail the european adjudications clear that section the articles Oleron has been regarded as the origin the law that subject as administered in our courts. From what source has that provision those ancient laws been incorporated into our admiralty law, if not through its adoption and recognition in the country from which have inherited that law? research proposal papers for sale There seems no room doubt that King Richard I adopted for his kingdom the laws the Island Oleron, which was then a part his dominion. See Benedict's Admiralty, and authorities there Question made the jurisdiction the trial court, the ground that the ship a foreign vessel, and both the appellants and the appellee are aliens. Conceding that the court had discretion exercise or decline jurisdiction, discover nothing in the record indicate that there was abuse discretion cambridge essay service in that regard. The British vice the assumption jurisdiction in such cases need help with a paper depends largely the discretion the court first instance, necessary inquire how far an appellate court should undertake review its action. The court then proceeded afifiirm the rule that the appellant must show that the trial court has exercised its discretion wrong principles, or that has acted absolutely differently from online paper writer the view entertained the appellate court that the latter justified in saying that discretion has been wrongly exercised. To have relegated the appellae an English court would almost certainly have been deny him any remedy. He, a German, was left european soil, crippled and without means. He has prosecuted his suit in forma pauperis. If had been able to England, could not know when the Troop would there, or that she would ever there, or that, if she were, any his witnesses would board or within bis reach.


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